This morning (October 21), continuing the work plan of the second meeting, the 15
National Assembly discussed in groups. Speaking at group 4, member of the National Assembly Luong Quoc Doan (An Giang representative) said: The report on the socio-economic and the prevention of the Covid-19 pandemic is very complete, frankly pointing out the limitations and shortcomings.
Mr. Luong Quoc Doan, member of the National Assembly, member of the CPV’s Central Committee, Chairman of the Vietnam Farmers' Union delivered his speech at group discussion of National Assembly meeting on 21st October 2021
According to Mr. Luong Quoc Doan, through the fourth wave of pandemic outbreak, our economy is very vulnerable from the central level to the local level. "Currently, we are lacking a policy to coordinate and link regions together. After a short period of social distancing, there are obvious limitations in regional connectivity. During the economic recovery period, regional linkage issues need to have effective measures to ensure a better economic recovery," said Mr. Doan.
Further speaking by Mr. Doan, in 2022, the world economy is unlikely to recover, so we also need solutions and stronger policies to develop the domestic market. During the recent pandemic time, supporting the consumption of agricultural products, Vietnam Farmers' Union has seen that the domestic market had great potential and needed development attention.
Chairman of the Vietnam Farmers' Union said that the recent wave of labour migration showed that there have been a number of points that need to be considered and paid attention to. In recent years, the shift of labor force from agriculture and rural areas to non-agricultural fields has been relatively large. In the Resolution of the 13th Party Congress, the goal in the next 5 years is to reduce the proportion of agricultural labor in the total social labor from 31% to about 25%, thus the number of laborers will be converted from the agricultural sector, rural areas to non-agricultural labor is very large.
The labor force is converted in 3 forms, firstly converting to industrial parks, secondly into business lines in the rural economy, thirdly working as self-employed.
"There needs to be a policy that rural workers who convert to work in industrial zones can settle down and become residents of industrial zones. In fact, our workers now with low income do not have enough conditions to become residents in industrial zones, urban areas, they live mainly in cheap motels.
Meanwhile foreign enterprises mainly employ workers from 18-35 years old, after that age, the workers are dismissed. Thus, workers, at the strongest age of their livesbut with low income and insufficient accumulation, do not become residents in industrial parks and urban areas. When any problem occurs, this labour force will migrate leading to pressure not only on the city but also on the countryside. Recently, in 13 western provinces in particular, more than 350,000 workers have migrated to the countryside, which is a great pressure," said Member of the National Assembly Luong Quoc Doan.
Identify key issues of rural economic development
Further speaking by Mr. Doan, the second force is freelance workers, who go to the city to contribute to the city’s operation, e.g environmental sanitation worker, hired labor... It can be said that this labor force also play a large part in the city's operation, so it is necessary to have appropriate policies supporting them. Recently, in Ho Chi Minh City, when the social distance was prolonged, the welfare of these people was immediately problematic. When they don't have enough food, they have to find their way back to their hometown, putting pressure on both the city and the countryside.
If labor migration to the countryside at a moderate level it is still acceptable. But when millions of workers fleeing from the city to the countryside, the problem of security, livelihood... is very difficult, the agriculture and rural areas cannot support. Through the recent wave of labour migration, it is the fact that the poor has to feed the poor. It means that workers in rural areas who are very poor have to bear the burden of caring the returning workers who have nothing.
From the above analysis, Mr. Luong Quoc Doan suggested that there should be clearer policies for rural economic development, what is the central issue of rural economic development.
"Recently, in rural economic development, we have mentioned the collective economy and the cooperative economy as the key. Therefore, this key point must be clearly defined for development. If collective economy, cooperatives are the key points, we must invest more heavily in developing this model. In this regard, we already have laws and policies, but the implementation is not strongly promoted" said Chairman of Vietnam Farmers’ Union.