The advantages in coffee production and business development in Daclak (continue)
All coffee sector must be sustainable from production, processing and improve quality, to export markets. In recent years, the area of certified coffee in Dak Lak have increased rapidly, this is a good sign of the coffee industry. In the 2013-2014 crop, Dak Lak coffee increased in both area and yield compared to previous season, currently the province has over 203,000 hectares of coffee, increased over 1,500 hectares (190,000 ha for business coffee) The average yield reach 2.43 tons / ha, increase of 0.25 tons / ha, the total output reached 462,433 tons,
increased 50 251 tons. Types of certified coffee has become the inevitable trend in the Dak Lak coffee production industry, which focuses on the type of certification / validation as: 4C (Common Code for the Coffee Community), RFA (rainforest), Fairtrade (fair trade), UTZ CERTIFIED. These types of certificates are towards sustainable coffee development and economic improvement through investment and consistent impact on the garden in order to ensure sustainability of productivity, quality and environmental and natural resources protection and activities have a positive impact on society, such as workplace safety, environmental protection etc. The total number of farmers involved in certified producing nearly 41,000 people, with area of over 61,000 hectares, the total output more than 265,000 tons. In which, notably the area, coffee production have 4C certification has increased sharply. In 2011 only 9 units involved, with 27,325 tons, but in 2014, 29 units participated, with area approximately 40,000 hectares with output of over 248 thousand tons. For UTZ certified coffee, the 2010-2011 with over 14,000 hectares and production reached 39,676 tons of coffee. In the 2013-2014 crop increased to nearly 27,000 hectares and over 87,300 tonnes.
Certified coffee production, farmers are fully equipped with the knowledge to good agricultural practice, confidence in the management and cultivation. It's the benefits that certified coffee bring to the Dak Lak coffee industry which inherently quite fragmented and weak in the stages of cultivation. Certified coffee production has helped both businesses and farmers benefit from higher prices, while importers have stable product amount with assurance quality. These also contributes to empowering and competitiveness of Dak Lak coffee in the world market.
One of addition advantages is that in recent years, the 4 links (scientists, farmers, businesses and State) in the coffee production process has depth and initially promote efficiency in coffee production and business. The enterprise (company) has focused on links with farmers, formed the raw material production areas. Up to now, in the key coffee areas of the province such as Krong Buk, Buon Ho, Krong Nang, Cu M'gar, Cu Kuin, Buon Ma Thuot ... the linkage for sustainable coffee growing between farmers with some processing and exporting companies have been attracted farmers in the province to participate in (around 39,186 households grow coffee following UTZ and 4C standard, on a total area of approximately 56,140 ha). Thereby, the coffee farmers are being supported by the companies, especially the training on advanced technical to help farmers to gradually abandon traditional habits unsustainable cultivation as before. Thus, the productivity, the quality of coffee in Dak Lak has gradually improved, confirming its position in the trading and export at present. It can be said that the best achievements in the implementation of 4 links are formed producing regions associated with processing of raw materials; farmers and companies have become familiar and gradually formed the link contract manufacturing - processing - consumption of agricultural products.
Some solutions suggestion
Basing on the mentioned problems and difficulties, Dak Lak Provincial Farmers' Union proposes some specific solution as follows:
1. Party and government should have suitable policies to support coffee growers such as output for coffee products, invest in transportation and irrigation systems for coffee specializing areas associated with investment in building new rural countryside.
2. Need more closely manage the source materials for the production of coffee as low fertilizer quality, fake fertilizer make upset for coffee producers and business.
3. Need to study the new high-yield varieties which resistant to drought and diseases. Provide support tools with reasonable prices for coffee producers to apply to primary product processing after harvesting to increase product values.
4. Strengthening the role of state management in the links between the actors in the coffee sector, especially given reasonable policy, promptly to encourage coffee farmers to produce the appropriated technical process, selling the right place, accumulation area with increasing agricultural and public extension activities, establish a system that provides information on market prices promptly and accurately to the farmers; advocacy to raise awareness of people about sustainable coffee production in association with the economic benefits and social-environmental./.
According to Dan Viet – by Hoa Mai