A project will be launched in Ma village, in Vietnam’s northern Yen Bai District, as part of a region-wide initiative to tackle climate change in agriculture. The Climate-Smart Village of Ma is one of two climate-smart villages in Vietnam, chosen due to its vulnerability to specific climate challenges in the region including drought, cold snaps and declining soil fertility.
The project, entitled: “Integrated agricultural technologies for enhanced adaptive capacity and resilient livelihoods in climate-smart villages of Southeast implemented in Yen Binh district, Yen Bai province, Vinh Kien commune and local research for development partners.
During the launch, research activities will be explained and discussed among farmers, researchers and local authorities, and a cross-visit will be organized to Muoi village, Mau Dong commune, Van Yen district, Yen Bai province, where successful demonstrations of the practices are already underway. Five local practices have been identified as climate-smart, and these will be improved and built upon with science-backed information and technology provided by all partners in the project, implemented by farmers. Model practices include fisheries intensification, cassava-grass strip forages planted on sloped land, and improved livestock production.
During the visit, participants will have the opportunity to interview farmers who have improved their cassava yields and soil fertility by intercropping cassava with grass strips, which can also be fed to cattle and fish for improved income.
The practice of growing grass forages among cassava also mitigates soil erosion by forming terraces which prevent run-off during rainfall. The grasses allow the soil to build up, improving soil health and structure, allowing more water to penetrate the soil and provide higher nutrient stocks for plants. Cassava as an intercrop has improved income generating opportunities throughout the year for farmers, since many other crops cannot grow on sloped land, especially where soil fertility is already low.
Having seen unsustainable cassava mono-cropping systems in the past, the government of Van Yen initiated the adoption of cassava-grass strips from a finished project in the region.
This project is set to build on local partnerships to foster a better understanding of climate change, its impacts and potential solutions or adaptation measures, among farmers and key stakeholders in the community, to more effectively tackle climate change.
Climate change is projected to contribute to significant variations in rainfall patterns in the region, increased incidence of severe weather events, higher temperatures and sea-level rise in many highly populated areas. These changes are expected to adversely affect agricultural yields, biodiversity, forest harvests and availability of clean water.
According to VAAS – By Hoa Mai